Safety Engineering aspects in rehabilitation and modernization works of Miglionico gassy tunnel and during railway operations

Client: Italferr SpA
Project: Ferrandina – Matera La Martella new railway line – Miglionico tunnel
Date: 2018-19

SERENGEO provided technical – scientific assistance for the design of safety engineering solutions against detonation or deflagration of air–methane mixtures during:

  • rehabilitation and modernization works (consolidation, demolition, final lining, etc.) of Miglionico tunnel;
  • access tunnel’s excavation;
  • railway operation.

Route of Miglionico line and access tunnels

Project goals

  • Evaluation of the hazard level associated with potential methane emissions and technical classification to be adopted in access tunnel’s excavation;
  • Development of the safety measures and engineering solutions to be adopted to ensure maximum safety conditions against air-methane mixtures’ detonation / explosion hazard during:
    • rehabilitation and modernization works of Miglionico tunnel;
    • access tunnel’s excavation;
    • railway operations.

Activities performed

  1. Bibliographic and hystorical documentation’s analysis on:
    • geo-structural framework and seismic events in the area surrounding the Miglionico tunnel’ route;
    • evidences of methane presence in the investigated area;
  2. Analysis and interpretation of methane investigations’ results;
  3. Critical analysis of excavation methods and techniques, section and technical data of the access tunnel;
  4. Definition of the methane emission model and technical classification of the access tunnel in relation to methane risk, according to “Grisù” Guideline ;
  5. Development of the safety measures and procedures, against air-methane mixtures’ detonation / explosion hazard, to be adopted during:
    access tunnel’s construction;
    rehabilitation works of Miglionico tunnel;
  6. Study and design of an innovative automatic and continuous monitoring system (in the line and access tunnel) of the potential methane inflows into the tunnel during railway operations, with open and punctual IR detectors .

Route of the Miglionico line and access tunnels superimposed on the map of mining licenses for hydrocarbons exploration and exploitation (in force at March 31, 2019, source: UNMIG data, https://unmig.mise.gov.it/index.php/it/dati/ricerca-e-coltivation-di-idrocarburi)

Miglionico tunnel: geo-structural profile and depth of the methane emissions detected in the geognostic boreholes before tunnel’s construction (a); methane volumetric concentration measured in the geognostic boreholes (b), in the consolidation holes (c) during tunnel’s excavation (90’s), and inside the tunnel during a survey campaign performed in 2004-2005 (d)

Sketch of methane diffusion inside the tunnel and of the innovative monitoring system with Open Path IR detectors: 1) emission from the reverse arc; 2) emission from the side facing.

Elevation plot of the access tunnel (first figure) and arrangement of the IR detectors (red dots). Detail of the chamber and the filter area: longitudinal section (1) and cross sections of the chamber (a) and the filter area (b)